We have developed a glossary of medical terms to help you better understand orthopaedic medicine and the treatments associated with it.

Arthro – medical term for joint

Articular Cartilage – present on the ends of bones and functions as a lubricant to smooth joint movement

Carpals – the wrist bones

Contusion – a crushing injury or bruise

Dislocation – the bones of the joint have been forcibly moved apart and do not return to their normal alignment

Fracture – any broken bone

-itis – referring to inflammation of a bone or joint

Ligament – the connection of bone to bone

Meniscal Cartilage – this serves as a cushion between bones in a joint and makes irregular bone surfaces more stable

Metacarpals – the bones of the hand

Metatarsals – the bones of the foot

-osis – referring to an abnormality of a bone or joint

Osteo – medical term for bone

Phalanges – the finger or toe bones

Sprain – an injury to the ligaments of a joint

Strain – an injury to muscles or tendons

Subluxation – the bones of a joint are forcibly moved apart and return to their normal alignment

Tendon – the attachment of a muscle to a bone

Twist – usually a ligament sprain