Glossary

We have developed a glossary of medical terms to help you better understand orthopaedic medicine and the treatments associated with it.

Arthro – medical term for joint


Articular Cartilage – present on the ends of bones and functions as a lubricant to smooth joint movement


Carpals – the wrist bones

Contusion – a crushing injury or bruise


Dislocation – the bones of the joint have been forcibly moved apart and do not return to their normal alignment


Fracture – any broken bone


-itis – referring to inflammation of a bone or joint


Ligament – the connection of bone to bone


Meniscal Cartilage – this serves as a cushion between bones in a joint and makes irregular bone surfaces more stable


Metacarpals – the bones of the hand


Metatarsals – the bones of the foot


-osis – referring to an abnormality of a bone or joint


Osteo – medical term for bone


Phalanges – the finger or toe bones


Sprain – an injury to the ligaments of a joint


Strain – an injury to muscles or tendons


Subluxation – the bones of a joint are forcibly moved apart and return to their normal alignment


Tendon – the attachment of a muscle to a bone


Twist – usually a ligament sprain